- B-1 Business Visitor Visas
- B-2 Visitor’s Visas
- E-1 – Treaty Trader Visas
- E-2 – Treaty Investor Visas
- F-1 Student Visas
- H-1B – Specialty Occupation (Professional) Visas
- H-2A – Seasonal Agricultural Visas
- J-1 – Exchange Visitor Visas
- K-1 Fiance(e) Visas – See Family-Based Visas
- L-1A – Intracompany Transferee Visas for Managerial Positions
- L-1B – Intracompany Transferee Visas for Specialized Knowledge Positions
- M-1 Student Visas for Vocational or Non-Academic Institutions
- O-1 – Extraordinary Ability Visas
- P-1 – Athletes, Artists, and Group Entertainer Visas
- R-1 – Religious Worker Visas
- TN – North American Free Trade Agreement Visas
- EB-1A – Foreign Nationals of Extraordinary Ability
- EB-1B – Outstanding Professors and Researchers
- EB-1C – Multinational Executives and Managers
- EB-2 – Workers with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability in the Sciences, Arts, or Business
- EB-3 – Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers
- EB-4 – Special Immigrant Visas for Religious Workers
- EB-5 – Investor/Employment Creation Visas
- National Interest Waiver (NIW)
- DV-1 – Diversity Lottery
These visa types are based on a close family relationship with a United States citizen described as an Immediate Relative (IR). The number of immigrants in these categories is not limited each fiscal year. Immediate relative visa types include:
- IR-1: Spouse of a U.S. citizen
- IR-2: Unmarried child under 21 years of age of a U.S. citizen
- IR-3: Orphan adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen
- IR-4: Orphan to be adopted in the U.S. by a U.S. citizen
- IR-5: Parent of a U.S. citizen who is at least 21 years old
These visa types are for specific, more distant, family relationships with a U.S. citizen and some specified relationships with a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR). There are fiscal year numerical limitations on family preference immigrants so normally there is a wait for visa number to become available. Family preference categories include
- Family First Preference (F1): Unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens, and their minor children, if any.
- Family Second Preference (F2): Spouses, minor children, and unmarried sons and daughters (age 21 and over) of LPRs. At least seventy-seven percent of all visas available for this category will go to the spouses and children; the remainder is allocated to unmarried sons and daughters.
- Family Third Preference (F3): Married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens, and their spouses and minor children.
- Family Fourth Preference (F4): Brothers and sisters of U.S. citizens, and their spouses and minor children, provided the U.S. citizens are at least 21 years of age.
- VAWA: Battered spouse or child of U.S. citizen or Green Card holder.
- K-1 Nonimmigrant (Fiance): Nonimmigrant visa leading to a Green Card after marriage to a U.S. citizen.
- K-3 Nonimmigrant: Nonimmigrant visa for spouse of U.S. citizen who has an I-130 on file with USCIS